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Caspase-Glo® 1 Inflammasome Assay

A Bioluminescent Method to Directly Measure Inflammasome Activity

  • Fast, simple, homogeneous caspase-1 assay kit
  • Selective and quantitative
  • Multiplex and high-throughput screening (HTS) compatible

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$ 462.00
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Caspase-Glo® 1 Inflammasome Assay
10ml
$ 462.00
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Measure Caspase-1 Activity in Cells or Medium,
No Sample Prep Required

The Caspase-Glo® 1 Inflammasome Assay is a simple, homogeneous, bioluminescent method to selectively measure the activity of caspase-1, an essential component of the inflammasome.

Inflammasomes are protein complexes induced by diverse inflammatory stimuli. Innate immune cells respond to pathogens and other danger signals with inflammasome formation and conversion of procaspase-1 zymogen into catalytically active caspase-1. Caspase-1 activation results in the processing and release of cytokines IL-1β and IL-18, as well as pyroptosis, an immunogenic form of cell death. The Caspase-Glo® 1 Assay is sensitive enough to measure caspase-1 activity directly in cells or in medium in multiwell plates.

CaspaseGlo1_Overview-Foreground

How It Works

Following caspase cleavage of the Z-WEHD subsrate (Z-WEHD-aminoluciferin), a substrate for luciferase (aminoluciferin) is released, resulting in luciferase activity and generation of light by a proprietary, thermostable, recombinant luciferase.

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Fast and Simple

No sample preparation or manipulation required. Simply add, mix and then measure luminescence after only one hour. You can get results faster in fewer steps compared to conventional Western blot and ELISA analyses. The stable luminescent signal and large volume (100ml) format supports high-throughput screening applications.

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Selective and Quantitative

The selective caspase-1 substrate (Z-WEHD) enables detection of catalytically active caspase-1 in cells or culture media and quantitative measurement of inflammasome activity. Inclusion of the proteasome inhibitor MG-132 in the reagent eliminates non-specific proteasome substrate cleavage, enabling sensitive detection of caspase-1. The assay includes a caspase-1 specific inhibitor (Ac-YVAD-CHO) to confirm specific activity in parallel samples and distinguish caspase-1 activity from other caspases. 

Caspase-1 Activity is Distinguished From Other Caspases

Inflammation and apoptosis caspases at equimolar concentrations were tested with the assay, +/– Ac-YVAD-CHO, and caspase activity was measured after 20 minutes. Ac-YVAD-CHO at 1µM inhibited 99% of the caspase-1 activity, whereas it had minimal effect on the other cross-reacting caspases (5, 3 and 6).

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NLRP3 Inhibitor Prevents Caspase-1 Activation in THP-1 and PBMC Cells

NLRP3 plays a key role in immune sensing by initiating the assembly of an inflammasome in response to various danger signals. The NLRP3 inflammasome triggers caspase-1 activation and IL-1β cytokine secretion, eventually resulting in an inflammatory, pyroptotic cell death. The Caspase-Glo® 1 Assay allows you to easily measure the effect of NLRP3 inhibitors on caspase-1 activation in primary cells.

THP-1 Cells
15456ma

THP-1 cells were differentiated for 3 days with  PMA. Medium was replaced and MCC950 (NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitor), was added followed by LPS or vehicle. Half of the culture medium (50µl) was removed after 3 hours of LPS and tested with Caspase-Glo® 1 Reagent or Caspase-Glo® 1 Reagent + YVAD-CHO. 

PBMC Cells
15457ma

PBMCs were plated, then treated with MCC950 followed by LPS or vehicle overnight. Following the overnight treatment, cells were treated with nigericin or vehicle. Nigericin causes potassium efflux and significant caspase-1 activation after LPS priming. Half of the culture medium (50µl) was then removed and tested with Caspase-Glo® 1 Reagent or Caspase-Glo® 1 Reagent + YVAD-CHO. Luminescence was read for both after 1 hour. Caspase-Glo® 1 signal demonstrates a dose-dependent inhibition of caspase-1 activity by the NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitor.


Caspase-1 Activity Detected in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells and Released into Medium

Caspase-Glo® 1 Inflammasome Assay monitors caspase-1 activity in peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) supernatant. Cells were stimulated with or without LPS then subsequently stimulated with ATP for 30 minutes. Cells were then pelleted and supernatant was assayed for caspase-1 activity.

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Multiplex With Other Cell-Based Assays

The Caspase-Glo® 1 Assay is sensitive enough to detect caspase-1 activity from a small volume of transferred medium. This leaves cells intact for other assays, such as cell viability or cytotoxicity, so you can get more data per sample.


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Caspase-Glo® 1 Inflammasome Assay Multiplexed with Cell Viability and Cell Death Assays. THP-1 cells were grown in RPMI 1640 medium supplemented with 10% FBS in a 37°C incubator with 5% CO2. Cells were added to plates at 5 x 105 cells/ml in 100µl of medium and differentiated with PMA (20nM, 3 days) in 96-well plates followed by treatment with flagellin (1µg/ml, 1 hour) or nigericin (20µM, 2 hours). In Panel A CellTox™ Green Reagent, Caspase-Glo® 1 Reagent or Caspase-Glo® 1 YVAD-CHO Reagent was added to the cells, and fluorescence (CellTox™ Green) or luminescence (Caspase-Glo® 1) was recorded after 90 minutes. In Panel B cell viability was monitored with CellTiter-Glo® or RealTime-Glo™ MT Cell Viability Assay. Luminescence was recorded at 10 minutes and 90 minutes, respectively.

See more data:
This peer-reviewed paper shows how the Caspase-Glo® 1 Assay can specifically detect caspase-1 activity in cells treated with inflammasome inducers, confirm one-signal and two-signal inflammasome activation mechanisms, and monitor caspase-1 activity, cell death, and IL-1β release from the same microplate well.

Specifications

You are viewing: G9951 Change Configuration

What's in the box?

Item Part # SizeConcentration

MG-132 Inhibitor

G932B 2 × 30μl

Z-WEHD Substrate

G991A 1 × 1 bottle

Ac-YVAD-CHO

G992A 1 × 10μl2mM

Caspase-Glo® 1 Buffer

G994A 1 × 10ml

SDS

Choose language:

Download SDSPDF (188 KB) – English (United States)

Certificate of Analysis

See all certificates for G9951

Use Restrictions

For Research Use Only. Not for Use in Diagnostic Procedures.

Storage Conditions

BB

Patents and Disclaimers

European Pat. No. 1131441 and Japanese Pat. No. 4520084.

U.S. Pat. Nos. 7,148,030, 7,384,758, 7,666,987 and 8,071,328 and other patents and patents pending.

Specifications

You are viewing: G9952 Change Configuration

What's in the box?

Item Part # SizeConcentration

MG-132 Inhibitor

G932C 1 × 300μl

Z-WEHD Substrate

G991A 5 × 1 bottle

Ac-YVAD-CHO

G992A 5 × 10μl2mM

Caspase-Glo® 1 Buffer

G994A 5 × 10ml

SDS

Choose language:

Download SDSPDF (188 KB) – English (United States)

Certificate of Analysis

See all certificates for G9952

Use Restrictions

For Research Use Only. Not for Use in Diagnostic Procedures.

Storage Conditions

BB

Patents and Disclaimers

European Pat. No. 1131441 and Japanese Pat. No. 4520084.

U.S. Pat. Nos. 7,148,030, 7,384,758, 7,666,987 and 8,071,328 and other patents and patents pending.

Specifications

You are viewing: G9953 Change Configuration

What's in the box?

Item Part # SizeConcentration

Caspase-Glo® 1 Buffer

G994B 1 × 100ml

MG-132 Inhibitor

G932C 2 × 300μl

Z-WEHD Substrate

G991B 1 × 1 bottle

Ac-YVAD-CHO

G992B 1 × 100μl2mM

SDS

Choose language:

Download SDSPDF (359 KB) – English (United States)

Certificate of Analysis

See all certificates for G9953

Use Restrictions

For Research Use Only. Not for Use in Diagnostic Procedures.

Storage Conditions

BB

Patents and Disclaimers

European Pat. No. 1131441 and Japanese Pat. No. 4520084.

U.S. Pat. Nos. 7,148,030, 7,384,758, 7,666,987 and 8,071,328 and other patents and patents pending.

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