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CD28 Blockade Bioassay

Measure Potency and Stability of Biologics Designed to Block CD28 Interactions

  • 96- and 384-well plate compatible
  • Prequalified according to ICH guidelines
  • No primary cell culture required
  • Available in convenient thaw-and-use format

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$ 830.00
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CD28 Blockade Bioassay
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Simple Bioassay, Consistent Results

The CD28 Blockade Bioassay is a bioluminescent cell-based assay used to measure the potency and stability of ligands or antibodies that bind and block CD28/B7 family members, CD80 and CD86 (collectively referred to as B7 for this bioassay). CD28 binds to B7 on antigen-presenting cells (APCs). Co-stimulation of T cells by CD28 activation initiates signaling cascades that result in AP-1 and NFκB transcription factor activation and nuclear translocation. These pathways significantly enhance T cell cytokine production—specifically, interleukin-2 (IL-2)—which promotes T cell proliferation, differentiation and survival.

Blockade of CD28 has proven beneficial in preclinical and clinical studies to reduce autoimmunity and alloimmunity. The CD28 Blockade Bioassay reflects the mechanism of action (MOA) of biologics designed to block the interaction of CD28 with its B7 family ligands.

CD28 Blockade Bioassay Components

The assay consists of two genetically engineered cell lines:

CD28 Effector Cells: Jurkat T cells expressing endogenous TCR/CD3 and CD28, and a luciferase reporter driven by TCR/CD3 and CD28 pathway-dependent response elements.

aAPC/Raji Cells: Raji cells expressing an engineered cell surface protein designed to activate TCR/CD3 in an antigen-independent manner and endogenously expressing the B7 ligands.

The CD28 Effector Cells and aAPC/Raji Cells are also available in Cell Propagation Model format (CPM; Cat.# JA7072) as cryopreserved cells that can be thawed, propagated and banked for long-term use.

When the two cell types are co-cultured, the aAPC/Raji Cells activate TCR/CD3 and CD28 on the Effector Cells to induce maximum promoter-mediated luminescence. Addition of a biologic that blocks CD28/B7 inhibits co-stimulation by CD28 and results in decreased promoter-mediated luminescence.

Workflow

Standard bioassay workflow with cultured cells
Improved bioassay workflow with thaw-and-use cells

Standardized Reagents Improve Results

  • Thaw-and-use format provides significant time and labor savings over traditional methods while reducing variability.
  • Kit includes all of the required reagents in standardized formats.
  • Easily amenable to high-throughput workflows.

Assay Principle

The CD28 Blockade Bioassay measures the potency and stability of biologics designed to block the CD28/B7 interaction.

Representation of the CD28 Blockade Bioassay

Representation of the CD28 Blockade Bioassay. The bioassay consists of two cell lines, CD28 Effector Cells and aAPC/Raji Cells. When co-cultured, the aAPC/Raji Cells activate TCR/CD3 and CD28 on the Effector Cells to induce maximum promoter-mediated luminescence. Addition of a biologic that blocks CD28/B7 inhibits T cell co-stimulation by CD28 and results in decreased promoter-mediated luminescence, which can be detected in a dose-dependent manner by addition of Bio-Glo™ Reagent and quantitation with a luminometer.

Assay Performance Data

Accuracy and precision are critical to bioassays and the development of biologics. The CD28 Blockade Bioassay is both accurate and precise. Accuracy is a measure of how close results are to a target or reference value. Precision is a measure of repeatability. This assay was developed and prequalified according to ICH guidelines for accuracy and precision giving it the performance characteristics required for many applications of a bioassay used for antibody drug discovery research and development.

Accuracy: Measure of how close results are to a reference or "target" value.

IntraLab Precision: Measure of repeatability from multiple assays of the same homogeneous sample under the same operating conditions over a short time (same analyst; same lab; same day).

Intermediate Precision: Measure of repeatability of multiple assays of the same homogeneous sample with different analysts or equipment or on different days.

Linearity: Ability of the assay to provide measured values that are proportional to the concentration of the sample.

32454752-data-target-combined

The CD28 Blockade Bioassay Shows Precision, Accuracy and Linearity.

Parameter Results
Accuracy % Expected Relative Potency % Recovery
50 54.2
70 68.7
100 103.1
140 136.5
200 202.8
Repeatability (% CV) 100% (Reference) 15.2
Intermediate Precision (% CV)   13.2
Linearity (r2)   0.997
Linearity (y = mx + b)   y = .993x – 1.802
A 50–200% theoretical potency series of Control Ab, Anti-CD28, was analyzed in triplicate in three independent experiments performed on three days by two analysts. Bio-Glo™ Reagent was added, and luminescence was quantified using the GloMax® Discover System. Data were analyzed, and relative potencies were calculated after parallelism determination using JMP® software. Data were generated using thaw-and-use cells.

 

The CD28 Blockade Bioassay reflects the mechanism of action (MOA) and specificity of biologics designed to block the CD28/B7 interaction.
CD28 Blockade Bioassay Mechanism of Action

CD28 Effector Cells were incubated with aAPC/Raji Cells in the presence of serial titrations of blocking Abs as indicated. After a 5-hour induction, Bio-Glo™ Reagent was added and luminescence quantified using the GloMax® Discover Detection System. Data were generated using thaw-and-use cells.

CD28 Blockade Bioassay Mechanism of Action

CD28 Effector Cells, a titration of Control Ab, Anti-CD28 (Cat.# K1231), and aAPC/Raji Cells were added to a 96-well assay plate. After a 5-hour incubation at 37°C, Bio-Glo™ Reagent was added and luminescence measured using the GloMax® Discover System.

  • CD28 Blockade Bioassay is available in 1X and 5X sizes.
  • Control Ab, Anti-CD28 (Cat.# K1231), is available separately.

Specifications

You are viewing: JA6101 Change Configuration

What's in the box?

Item Part # Size

TCR/CD3 Effector Cells (IL-2)

J129A 1 × 0.8ml

aAPC/Raji Cells

J159A 1 × 0.8ml

Fetal Bovine Serum

J121A 1 × 4ml

RPMI 1640 Medium

G708A 1 × 36ml

Bio-Glo™ Luciferase Assay Buffer

G719A 1 × 10ml

Bio-Glo™ Luciferase Assay Substrate

G720A 1 × 1 vial

SDS

Choose language:

Download SDSPDF (346 KB) – English (United States)

Certificate of Analysis

Search by lot number

Use Restrictions

Not For Medical Diagnostic Use.

Storage Conditions

Please see the Protocol for detailed storage conditions.

Patents and Disclaimers

NOT FOR MEDICAL DIAGNOSTIC USE. FOR IN VITRO USE ONLY. BY USE OF THIS PRODUCT, RECIPIENT AGREES TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS OF THIS LIMITED USE STATEMENT. If the recipient is not willing to accept the conditions of this limited use statement, and the product is unused, Promega will accept return of the unused product and provide the recipient with a full refund.

This product may not be further sold or transferred by the recipient and may be used only by the recipient, and then only for (1) research use, (2) discovery, development and monitoring of biologic drugs and vaccines, (3) quality assurance testing of biologic drugs and vaccines, and (4) product release assays for biologic drugs and vaccines. No other commercial use is allowed. "Commercial use” means any and all uses of this product by recipient for monetary or other consideration, including providing a service, information or data to unaffiliated third parties, and resale of this product for any use. Recipient has no right to propagate, modify, derivatize, genetically engineer or otherwise create variations of the cells or genes stably transfected within the cells. In addition, recipient must use Bio-Glo™ Luciferase Assay System purchased from Promega Corporation for all luminescence assays using this product or contact Promega to obtain a license for use of this product with reagents other than Promega’s. PROMEGA MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING AS TO MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE WITH REGARDS TO THIS PRODUCT. The terms of this agreement shall be governed under the laws of the State of Wisconsin, USA.

U.S. Pat. No. 8,008,006 and European Pat. No. 1341808.

Patent Pending.

U.S. Pat. No. 10,077,244 and other patents.

Product cannot be used for proficiency testing.

Licensed from Lonza Cologne GmbH under U.S. Pat. Nos. 7,700,357, 8,192,990 and 8,003,389, European Pat. Nos. 1297119, 1522587, 1607484 and 1741778 and other pending and issued patents.

Specifications

You are viewing: JA6105 Change Configuration

What's in the box?

Item Part # Size

TCR/CD3 Effector Cells (IL-2)

J129A 5 × 0.8ml

aAPC/Raji Cells

J159A 5 × 0.8ml

Fetal Bovine Serum

J121A 5 × 4ml

RPMI 1640 Medium

G708A 5 × 36ml

Bio-Glo™ Luciferase Assay Buffer

G719A 5 × 10ml

Bio-Glo™ Luciferase Assay Substrate

G720A 5 × 1 vial

SDS

Choose language:

Download SDSPDF (347 KB) – English (United States)

Certificate of Analysis

Search by lot number

Use Restrictions

Not For Medical Diagnostic Use.

Storage Conditions

Please see the Protocol for detailed storage conditions.

Patents and Disclaimers

NOT FOR MEDICAL DIAGNOSTIC USE. FOR IN VITRO USE ONLY. BY USE OF THIS PRODUCT, RECIPIENT AGREES TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS OF THIS LIMITED USE STATEMENT. If the recipient is not willing to accept the conditions of this limited use statement, and the product is unused, Promega will accept return of the unused product and provide the recipient with a full refund.

This product may not be further sold or transferred by the recipient and may be used only by the recipient, and then only for (1) research use, (2) discovery, development and monitoring of biologic drugs and vaccines, (3) quality assurance testing of biologic drugs and vaccines, and (4) product release assays for biologic drugs and vaccines. No other commercial use is allowed. "Commercial use” means any and all uses of this product by recipient for monetary or other consideration, including providing a service, information or data to unaffiliated third parties, and resale of this product for any use. Recipient has no right to propagate, modify, derivatize, genetically engineer or otherwise create variations of the cells or genes stably transfected within the cells. In addition, recipient must use Bio-Glo™ Luciferase Assay System purchased from Promega Corporation for all luminescence assays using this product or contact Promega to obtain a license for use of this product with reagents other than Promega’s. PROMEGA MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING AS TO MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE WITH REGARDS TO THIS PRODUCT. The terms of this agreement shall be governed under the laws of the State of Wisconsin, USA.

U.S. Pat. No. 10,077,244 and other patents.

Patent Pending.

U.S. Pat. No. 8,008,006 and European Pat. No. 1341808.

Product cannot be used for proficiency testing.

Licensed from Lonza Cologne GmbH under U.S. Pat. Nos. 7,700,357, 8,192,990 and 8,003,389, European Pat. Nos. 1297119, 1522587, 1607484 and 1741778 and other pending and issued patents.

Specifications

You are viewing: JA7072 Change Configuration

What's in the box?

Item Part # Size

TCR/CD3 Effector Cells (CPM) (IL-2)

J127A 2 × 1ml

aAPC/Raji Cells (CPM)

J148A 2 × 1ml

SDS

Choose language:

Download SDSPDF (238 KB) – English (United States)

Certificate of Analysis

Search by lot number

Use Restrictions

Not For Medical Diagnostic Use.

Storage Conditions

Please see the Protocol for detailed storage conditions.

Patents and Disclaimers

NOT FOR MEDICAL DIAGNOSTIC USE. FOR IN VITRO USE ONLY. BY USE OF THIS PRODUCT, RECIPIENT AGREES TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS OF THIS LIMITED USE STATEMENT. If the recipient is not willing to accept the conditions of this limited use statement, and the product is unused, Promega will accept return of the unused product and provide the recipient with a full refund.

This product may not be further sold or transferred by the recipient and may be used only by the recipient, and then only for (1) research use, (2) discovery, development and monitoring of biologic drugs and vaccines, (3) quality assurance testing of biologic drugs and vaccines, and (4) product release assays for biologic drugs and vaccines. No other commercial use is allowed. "Commercial use" means any and all uses of this product by recipient for monetary or other consideration, including providing a service, information or data to unaffiliated third parties, and resale of this product for any use. Recipient has no right to modify, derivatize, genetically engineer or otherwise create variations of the cells or genes stably transfected within the cells except that recipient may propagate and store the cells for long-term use. In addition, recipient must use Bio-Glo™ Luciferase Assay System purchased from Promega Corporation for all luminescence assays using this product or contact Promega to obtain a license for use of this product with reagents other than Promega's. PROMEGA MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING AS TO MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE WITH REGARDS TO THIS PRODUCT. The terms of this agreement shall be governed under the laws of the State of Wisconsin, USA.

U.S. Pat. No. 8,008,006 and European Pat. No. 1341808.

Licensed from Lonza Cologne GmbH under U.S. Pat. Nos. 7,700,357, 8,192,990 and 8,003,389, European Pat. Nos. 1297119, 1522587, 1607484 and 1741778 and other pending and issued patents.

Product cannot be used for proficiency testing.

Specifications

You are viewing: K1231 Change Configuration

What's in the box?

Item Part # Size

Control Ab, Anti-CD28

K123A 1 × 1 each

SDS

Choose language:

Download SDSPDF (188 KB) – English (United States)

Certificate of Analysis

Search by lot number

Use Restrictions

Not For Medical Diagnostic Use.

Storage Conditions

BB

Please see the Protocol for detailed storage conditions.

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