We believe this site might serve you best:

United States

English Continue

This country code will remain if no action is taken to change it.

Don't see your country?
Promega Corporation

Citations Search

Sort By:

Protein Expr. Purif. 89, 62–72. Application of HaloTag technology to expression and purification of cannabinoid receptor CB2. 2013

Locatelli-Hoops, S., Sheen, Fangmin C., Zoubak, L., Gawrisch, K. and Yeliseev, A.A.

Notes: The HaloTag® Protein Tag was used to tag, immobilize and purify functional cannabinoid receptor CB2, a GPCR,  after induction of expression in E. coli.  (4263)

Expand Full Notes »

Cell 154, 541–555. KDM4A Lysine Demethylase Induces Site-Specific Copy Gain and Rereplication of Regions Amplified in Tumors 2013

Black, J.C., Manning, A.L., Van Rechem, C., Kim, J., Ladd, B., Cho, J., Pineda, C.M., Murphy, N., Daniels, D.L., Montagna, C., Lewis, P.W., Glass, K., Allis, C.D., Dyson, N.J., Getz, G. and Whetstine, J.R.

Notes: The HaloTag® protein tag was used in experiments to identify protein partners of KDM4A that involved in site-specific copy number gain in tumors, specifically at the 1q12h region. Expression constructs were transfected into HEK293T cells using the FuGENE® HD Transfection Reagent. The HaloTag-KDM4A (Cat.# FHC00602) and HaloTag-Suv39h1 (Cat.# FHC09879) expression constructs were obtained from the Kazusa DNA Research Institute (Kisarazu, Japan). Interacting proteins identified included DNA polymerase subunits and members of the minichromosome maintenance (MCM) complex. (4408)

Expand Full Notes »

EMBO J. 32, 645–55. TET2 and TET3 regulate GlcNAcylation and H3K4 methylation through OGT and SET1/COMPASS. 2013

Deplus, R., Delatte, B., Schwinn, M.K., Defrance, M., Méndez, J., Murphy, N., Dawson, M.A., Volkmar, M., Putmans, P., Calonne, E., Shih, A.H., Levine, R.L., Bernard, O., Mercher, T., Solary, E., Urh, M. Daniels, D. and Fuks, F.

Notes: These authors set out to determine how TET2 and TET3 proteins are involved in epigenetic regulation. To characterize proteins that interact with TET, the authors expressed full-length TET1, TET2 and TET3 as HaloTag® fusion proteins and performed protein pull-downs. They identified novel interactions between all three TET proteins and O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT), which catalyzes the addition of N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) to numerous transcription factors, regulatory proteins and histones to activate or inhibit the target protein or recruit additional proteins. In this paper, they focused on TET2 and TET3, which showed the strongest interaction with OGT. They mapped TET2, TET3 and OGT binding throughout  the genome by expressing these proteins as HaloTag® fusion proteins in HEK293T cells, crosslinking the proteins and DNA, then capturing the fusion proteins and associated DNA fragments and performing high-throughput sequencing to show that TET2/3 and OGT colocalize at active gene promoters and were tightly clustered near transcription start sites.

For expression of HaloTag® fusion proteins and controls, HEK-293 cells were plated at 12 ×106 cells in a 150mm dish and grown to 70–80% confluency before transfection with 30µg of plasmid using the FuGENE® HD Transfection Reagent.

To assess whether TET2/3-OGT activity affects the interaction of SET1/COMPASS with chromatin, the authors used bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET). They created a fusion protein consisting of the H3K4 methyltransferase SETD1A and NanoLuc® luciferase as the energy donor and a fluorescently labeled histone H3.3-HaloTag® fusion protein as the energy acceptor.  These BRET experiments confirmed that TET2/3-OGT activity is necessary for SET1/COMPASS complex function and showed that TET and OGT activities promote binding of SETD1A, a component of the SET1/COMPASS complex, to chromatin. This binding increases H3K4me3 levels. Thus, the authors’ data support a TET2/3-OGT-mediated mechanism for regulating the SET1/COMPASS complex and thus H3K4me3. (4262)

Expand Full Notes »

Cell 153, 1327-1339. HIF1A Employs CDK8-Mediator to Stimulate RNAPII Elongation in Response to Hypoxia. 2013

Galbraith, M., Allen, M., Bensard, C., Wang, X., Schwinn, M., Qin, B., Long, H., Daniels, D., Hahn, W., Dowell, R., and Espinosa, J.

Notes: These authors identified a previously unknown interaction between the transcription factor HIF1A and the cyclin-dependent kinase CDK8 (a component of the Mediator complex) in the regulation of genes associated with cellular survival under low-oxygen conditions. As part of the study, HaloTag technology was used to identify proteins interacting with CDK8 in a colorectal cancer cell line. Specifically, cells were transfected with CDK8 and CDK19 HaloTag fusion constructs obtained from Kazusa Institute. The cell lysates were then used in pulldown assays to capture interacting proteins. The results showed that CDK8 and CDK19 are present in mutually exclusive Mediator complexes. Details of the transfection are as follows: HCT116 cells were plated in 150 mm dishes and grown to 70%–80% confluence before transfection with 30 μg of plasmid DNA using FuGENE HD Transfection Reagent. (4355)

Expand Full Notes »

Current Chemical Genomics 6, 72-78. HaloTag, a Platform Technology for Protein Analysis. 2012

Urh, M., and Rosenberg, M.

Notes: This paper provides an overview of the many applications of HaloTag® Technology. The authors describe the development of the technology, focusing on it's multifunctional utility for protein imaging, protein isolation and display, and in the study of protein complexes and interactions. They also discuss it's potential to facilitate proteomics research studies across complex biological systems at the biochemical, cell-based and whole animal level. (4325)

Expand Full Notes »

J. Bacteriol. 194, 1389-1400. Legionella pneumophila LidA affects nucleotide binding and activity of the host GTPase Rab1. 2012

Neunuebel, M.R., Mohammadi, S., Jarnik, M., and Machner, M.P.

Notes: In this study, the L. pneumophila protein Lem3 was expressed as a HaloTag® fusion protein and purified using HaloLink™ Resin. Lem3 was first cloned into the pFN22K HaloTag® Vector and the resultant HaloTag-Lem3 protein was expressed in Single-Step (KRX) competent cells before purification using the HaloTag® Protein Purification System. Lem3 was cleaved from the HaloLink™ Resin using TEV protease.


Expand Full Notes »

Sci. Signal. 4(180), online. Identification of a lysosomal pathway that modulates glucocorticoid signaling and the inflammatory response 2011

Yuanzheng, H., Xu, Y., Zhang, C., Gao, X., Dykema, K.J., martin, K.R., Ke, J., Hudson, E.A., Khoo, S.K., Resau, J.H., Alberts, A.S., Mackeigan, J.P., Furge, K.A. and Xu, H.E.

Notes: Yuangheng He and colleagues asked how the weak alkaline compound chloroquine (CQ) enhances the anti-inflammatory effects of synthetic glucocorticoids like dexamethasone, which are used to treat a host of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. In the process they explored the intersection of lysosomal degradation pathways and glucocorticoid receptor signaling. They used Dual-Glo® Luciferase Assay System to look at glucocorticoid receptor-mediated (GR) activation and repression of reporters in AD293 cells under a variety of conditions (presence or absence of CQ; stripped serum, loss of lysosome synthesis, inhibition of V-ATPase, etc). They also used HaloTag® protein fusions to observe the fate of GR populations in the presence or absence of CQ and in the presence or absence of compounds that impair proteasome function. Live-cell imaging of GR-HaloTag® protein fusions revealed a dynamic association of the GR with lysosomes. The authors showed that glucocorticoid signaling is regulated by lysosomes. (4203)

Expand Full Notes »

Biochem. J. 436, 387–397. The novel Nrf2-interacting factor KAP1 regulates susceptibility to oxidative stress by promoting the Nrf2-mediated cytoprotective response. 2011

Maruyama, A., Nishikawa, K., Kawatani, Y., Mimura, J., Hosoya, T., Harada, N., Yamamato, M. and Itoh, K.

Notes: These authors first used a FLAG-tagged protein (nfr2) with a HeLa Nuclear extract and captured interacting proteins via SDS-PAGE and in-gel digests of bands to identify (Krüppel-associated box)-associated protein 1 (KAP1) as a potential interacting partner. Human KAP1 was purchased as a HaloTag® CMV Flexi® Vector from Kazusa and used in a Mammalian PullDown scenario (with HaloLink™ Resin) to demonstrate interaction between the two proteins. A reporter assay was used to show that KAP1 facilitates Nrf2 transactivation in a dose-dependent manner. The authors defined the interaction sites using GST-tagged nrf2 and various forms of KAP1-HaloTag® Fusions expressed in TNT® SP6 High-Yield Wheat Germ Extract. GST-tagged proteins were expressed in E. coli and bound to glutathione-Sepharose beads. These bound proteins were mixed with the KAP1 from the cell-free expression system, incubated for 4 hours at 4°C, washed and stained with the HaloTag® TMR Ligand for 30 minutes. The proteins from the pull-down assay were subjected to SDS-PAGE and the HaloTag® proteins detected by phosphorimaging and the GST proteins by Coomassie Brilliant Blue Staining. A two-hybrid system consisting of the pRL-TK Vector with a firefly luciferase reporter with Gal4 UAS, mouse Nrf-2 N-terminal domain and KAP1 was also used. The vectors were transfected into Nrf2 knockout MEFs for 4 hours then incubated for 36 hours before luciferase expression was determined using the Dual-Luciferase® Reporter Assay System. (4123)

Expand Full Notes »

Nat Chem. Biol. July 3, Epub. Small-molecule hydrophobic tagging-induced degradation of HaloTag fusion proteins. 2011

Neklesa, T.K., Tae, H.S., Schneekloth, A.R., Stulberg, M.J., Corson, T.W., Sundberg, T.B., Raina, K., Holley, S.A., and Crews, C.M.

Notes: These authors investigated whether HaloTag® technology could be used to specifically target and degrade intracellular proteins. They developed a method to degrade specific proteins of interest using a small molecule by tagging the HaloTag® protein with an adamantyl moiety. The hypothesis was that appending a hydrophobic residue to a protein surface domain would mimic partial denaturation and induce proteasomal degradation. They first used a HaloTag®-luciferase fusion protein to determine the biological activity of various small molecules that enhanced hydrophobicity. After selecting the small molecule that reduced luciferase activity in HEK293 cells, they went on to test their hypothesis in various in vitro and in vivo models. They were able to demonstrate degradation of various HaloTag®-linked transmembrane proteins expressed in HEK293 cells, to show degradations of target proteins in Zebrafish, and to show degradation of the HRAS oncogene product both in NIH3T3 cells and in a mouse tumor model. (4125)

Expand Full Notes »

Protein Expr. Purif. 76, 154-164. HaloTag-based purification of functional human kinases from mammalian cells. 2010

Ohana, R.F., Hurst, R., Vidugiriene, J., Slater, M.R., Wood, K.V. and Urh, M.

Notes: The authors of this paper demonstrate the utility of the HaloTag® protein purification system for purifying functional proteins from mammalian cells. To this end five kinases were cloned into HaloTag® vectors, expressed in and purified from HEK293T cells. To demonstrate functionality of the purified recombinant kinases, activity was measured using the appropriate ADP-Glo™ Assay Kinase Enzyme Systems. (4145)

Expand Full Notes »

Development 137, 901–11. SOX9 is a major negative regulator of cartilage vascularization, bone marrow formation and endochondral ossification. 2010

Hattori, T., Müller, C., Gebhard, S., Bauer, E., Pausch, F., Schlund, B., Bösl, M.R., Hess, A., Surmann-Schmitt, C., von der Mark, H., de Crombrugghe, B. and von der Mark, K.

Notes: To study the role of the transcription factor Sox9 in the transition from cartilage to bone in newborn mice, the authors performed chromatin immunoprecipitation using the HaloCHIP™ System. Primary rib chondrocytes were transfected with a vector expressing full-length Sox9 with a HaloTag® protein tag, then proteins and DNA were cross-linked. DNA was isolated and sonicated, and the Sox9:DNA complexes were precipitated using the HaloLink™ Resin. The precipitated DNA then was amplified by PCR to determine that SOX9 binds to the SRY sites in the Vegfa gene. (4054)

Expand Full Notes »

Methods in Mol. Biol. 577, 121-131. Pulse-Chase Experiment for the Analysis of Protein Stability in Cultured Mammalian Cells by Covalent Fluorescent Labeling of Fusion Proteins 2009

Kei Yamaguchi, Shinichi Inoue, Osama Ohara and Takahiro Nagase

Notes: The authors used the Halotag® Labeling Technology in pulse-chase experiments. They pulse labeled proteins in cultured mammalian cells. Using the HaloTag® Technology, they were able to monitor the degradation of the labeled protein, Smad1, that was induced by coexpression of Smurf1. They conclude that the HaloTag® Technology could be used to monitor the regulation of SMAD1 degradation. (4055)

Expand Full Notes »

Protein Expr. Purif. 68(1), 110-120. HaloTag7: A genetically engineered tag that enhances bacterial expression of soluble proteins and improves protein purification 2009

Ohana, R.F., Encel, L.P., Zhao, K., Simpson, D., Slater, M.R., Urh, M., Wood, K.V.

Notes: The authors note that while many protein fusion tags are available to assist in purifying functional, recombinant proteins in soluble form and adequate amounts, none of the available tags are ideal when applied to the diversity of proteins studied. Available tags are often best-suited to specific aspects of the overall process, be it expression, solubilization, protein capture, etc. HaloTag was designed to address multiple features. The authors demonstrated that HaloTag provided enhanced expression and solubility in E. coli, with efficient protein purification and labeling for screening and quantitation. Enhanced solubility coupled with covalent capture gives HaloTag advantages over conventional affinity fusion tags, demonstrated by the successful purification of a wide variety of proteins, including low expressers, with higher yield and purity compared to the other tested tags. Covalent capture coupled with efficient tag removal to release the target protein, provides higher purity by eliminating tag contaminants. Using full-length cDNAs encoding 23 human proteins of varying size and function, the authors compared the efficacy of HaloTag as an expression and purification tag to the frequently used solubility enhancers MBP and GST. As reported previously, the three larger tags (HaloTag, MBP and GST) provided higher total and soluble expression compared to the smaller His6tag. In comparing soluble protein expression levels for the three larger tags, it was found that HaloTag solubilized 74% of the 23 human proteins examined, compared to 52% for MBP and 39% for GST. G2681 was one of the T7, bacterial promoter-based Flexi vectors used.

Expand Full Notes »

Biophys. J. 96, L01-L03. In vivo labeling method using genetic construct for nanoscale resolution microscopy. 2009

Schröder, J. Benink, H., Dyba, M. and Los, G.V.

Notes: Traditionally light microscopy resolution has been limited by the diffraction of light. However several new technologies have emerged that partially overcome that limitation. One of these stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy is now commercially available and has been integrated into confocal microscope platforms. Because STED depends on fluorescent markers that fulfill specific spectroscopic needs, its uses have been limited. The authors of this paper demonstrate successful high resolution of β1-integrin-Halotag®-fusion protein distribution using STED microscopy. Use of the HaloTag® technology allows researchers to create a reporter that can be labeled with STED-optimized fluorescent tags. (3955)

Expand Full Notes »

Anal. Biochem. 392, 45-53. Protein-protein interaction studies on protein arrays: effect of detection strategies on signal-to-background ratios. 2009

Hurst, R., Hook, B., Slater, M.R., Hatrnett, J., Storts, D.R., and Nath, N.

Notes: These authors compared 6 different detection strategies for protein-protein interactions on protein arrays. They expressed HaloTag® labeled bait proteins in a cell-free expression system, and captured these bait proteins onto coated glass slides using the HaloLink™ Array System. They then compared detection strategies using prey proteins labeled as follows: 1)35S methionine, 2) fluorescence (BODIPY-FL) and 3) biotin labeling of lysine residues using modified Lys tRNA, 4) chemical labeling after expression, 5) HaloTag® fusion, and 6) N-terminal FLAG tag. The authors evaluated signal:background ratios, adaptability to high-throughput screening, and ease of use. (3999)

Expand Full Notes »

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106, 5669-5674. Regulation of the processivity and intracellular localization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae dynein by dynactin. 2009

Kardon, J.R., Reck-Peterson, S.L. and Vale, R.D.

Notes: These authors expressed recombinant dynactin and dynein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and investigated their interactions in motility assays. They created a c-terminal Halotag-Dynactin fusion, and were able to site-specifically label the fusion protein with the fluorescent dye tetramethylrhodamine (TMR). They studied the effect of the purified dynactin fusion protein on the motility of dynein complexes using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy. Dynactin alone did not interact with microtubules. However, when coincubated with recombinant dynein, the TMR-labeled dynactin moved processively along microtubules. The authors then used truncation mutants of dynactin to identify the region of the dynactin molecule required for localization and enhanced processivity of dynein. (3960)

Expand Full Notes »

Chem. Commun. 27, 4040-42. Cell-based in vivo dual imaging probes using genetically expressed tags and chemical contrast agents. 2009

Hasegawa, Y., Honda, A., Umezawa, K., Niino, Y., Oka, K., Chiba, T., Aiso, S., Tanimoto, A., Citterio, D., and Suzuki, K.

Notes: These authors describe a method for cell-surface labeling with two genetically expressed tags, a biotin acceptor peptide (BAP) and HaloTag (HT). BAP and HT were fused with the N-terminus of the mouse Ig κ-chain leader sequence to direct them to the secretory pathway, and the c-terminus of the platelet-derived growth factor receptor transmembrane domain to anchor them to the plasma membrane. Fluorescent proteins were fused with BAP and HT to create the two distinct fluorescent transmembrance proteins BAP-YFP-TM and HT-CFP-TM. The constructs were introduced into HeLa cells and imaged simultaneously. The authors then demonstrated in vivo imaging by injecting the doubly-tagged HeLa cells into nude mice and imaging with near infrared fluorescent probes, and with magnetic resonance probes. (3998)

Expand Full Notes »

Methods in Mol. Biol. 577, 25-39. High-Throughput Construction of ORF Clones for Production of the Recombinant Proteins 2009

Yamakawa, Hisashi

Notes: The authors use the Flexi® Cloning System to convert their cDNA clones to expression-ready clones. They wanted clones that could be used for comprehensive analysis with the HaloTag® Technology. They also describe a method of transferring ORFs between Flexi® Vectors in a 96-well plate format. They also used Wizard® SV 96 Plasmid DNA Purification, Wizard® SV PCR Clean-Up, and Wizard® SV Gel and PCR Clean-Up Systems. (4056)

Expand Full Notes »

BMC Genomics 10, 497. A functional analysis of the CREB signaling pathway using 2009

Danette D Hartzell, Nathan D Trinklein, Jacqui Mendez, Nancy Murphy, Shelley F Aldred, Keith Wood and Marjeta Urh

Notes: The HaloCHIP System was used to measure CREB binding as an alternative to the ChIp method. (4057)

Expand Full Notes »

J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 94, 2594-2601. KLF15 Is a transcriptional regulator of the human 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 5 gene. A potential link between regulation of testosterone production and fat stores in women 2009

Du, X., Rosenfield, R. and Qin, K.

Notes: The authors used a HaloTag® vector and the HaloCHIP™ System to identify a KLF15 binding site in the HSD17B5 promoter. (4059)

Expand Full Notes »

J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 94, 2650-2657. Posttranscriptional Regulation of CDC25A by BOLL Is a Conserved Fertility Mechanism Essential for Human Spermatogenesis 2009

Yung Ming Lin, Chia Ling Chung, and Yu Sheng Cheng

Notes: Human boule (BOLL) gene was subcloned into the HaloTag® pHT2 Vector and transformed into JM109 and HeLa cells. (4060)

Expand Full Notes »


BMC Cell Biology 9:17, doi:10.1186/1471-2121/9/17. Spatial separation and bidirectional trafficking of proteins using a multi-functional reporter. 2008

Svendsen, S., Zimprich, C., McDougall, M.G., Klaubert, D.H., and Los, G.V.

Notes: This paper demonstrates use of HaloTag® technology to study expression, trafficking and translocation of an integrin-HaloTag® fusion protein. The authors fused the Halotag reporter protein to truncated integrin. They then labeled live cells with different cell-permeant and impermeant ligands and followed spatial separation of plasma membrane and internal pools of the integrin-HaloTag® protein. (3912)

Expand Full Notes »

DNA Research 15, 137-149. Exploration of human ORFeome: High-throughput preparation of ORF clones and efficient characterization of their protein products. 2008

Nagase, T., Yamakawa, H., Tadokoro, S., Nakajima, D., Inoue, S., Yamaguchi, K., Itokawa, Y., Kikuno, R.F., Koga, H. and Ohara, O.

Notes: These authors used the Flexi® Vector System to prepare ORF clones encoding 1929 human genes and to transfer a subset of these clones to various expression vectors for further analysis. They created HaloTag® fusion proteins and examined expression of these proteins in vitro and in COS7 and HEK293 cells. They also performed comparisons between the Flexi® System and Gateway® cloning system, specifically examining the effects of flanking sequences on protein expression in in vitro translation systems and confirming that the cellular localization of the HaloTag® fusion proteins was consistent with results obtained using GFP-fusions. (3800)

Expand Full Notes »

J. Biol. Chem. 283, 11575-11585. Identification of ubiquitin ligase activity of RBCK1 and its inhibition by splice variant RBCK2 and protein kinase Cβ. 2008

Tatematsu, K., Yoshimoto, N., Okajima, T., Tanizawa, K., and Kuroda, S.

Notes: RBCK1 is a RING-IBR (ring in between ring fingers) protein previously shown to have transcriptional activity and to bind protein Kinase Cβ. This paper demonstrates that RBCK1 also possesses ubiquitin ligase E3 activity. Both FLAG-tag and HaloTag® labeled proteins were used to demonstrate this activity. To demonstrate the interaction between RBCK1 and ubiquitinated proteins, HaloTag®-ubiquitin and FLAG-RBCK1 were coexpressed in HEK293 cells in the presence or absence of a proteasome inhibitor. The anti-FLAG immunoprecipitates isolated from these cells were analyzed by SDS-PAGE and Western blotting using anti-HaloTag® and anti-FLAG antibodies and self-ubiquitination of RBCK1 was demonstrated. RBCK2, a splice variant of RBCK1 lacking the RING domain showed no self ubiquitination activity but was demonstrated to interact with RBCK1 in vivo and in vitro, and to inhibit the self-ubiquitination activity of RBCK1 in a FLAG-tag assay. Pulse-chase experiments, using HEK293 cells expressing HaloTag®-RBCK1 with or without RBCK2 and treated with HaloTag®-TMR ligand, were used to show that the half-life of RBCK1 was extended by overexpression of RBCK2. (3874)

Expand Full Notes »

ACS Chemical Biology 3, 373–382. HaloTag: A Novel Protein Labeling Technology for Cell Imaging and Protein Analysis 2008

Los, G.V., Encell, L.P., McDougall, M.G., Hartzell, D.D., Karassina, N., Zimprich, C., Wood, M.G., Learish, R., Ohana, R.F., Urh, M., Simpson, D., Mendez, J., Zimmerman, K., Otto, P., Vidugris, G., Zhu, J., Darzins, A., Klaubert, D.H., Bulleit, R.F., and Wood, K.V.

Notes: The authors of this study describe a reporter gene system that allows researchers to create one genetic construct that can be used for a variety of studies including imaging and protein immobilization. The HaloTag® reporter protein is engineered to form covalent bonds with ligands that have different functional reporters. (3925)

Expand Full Notes »

It appears that you have Javascript disabled. Our website requires Javascript to function correctly. For the best browsing experience, please enable Javascript.